Robotic Equipments

Introduction to Robotic Equipment

Robotics is the convergence of engineering, science, and technology that fabricates machines, called robots, that acting as a proxy for (or simulate) human actions. And robotic equipment is the objects human use their scientific and mechanical knowledge to build so as to assist them in daily life. Try to picture robotic equipment as something that can move or function almost entirely by itself without any interference, the so-called automation thus becomes possible. Pop culture has always been enchanted with robots. Famous movies characters like Optimus-Prime, WALL-E, R2-D2, and Bay Max. These over-aggrandized, human-like conceptions of robots usually seem like a caricature of the real creature...or are they more progressive than we think they are? Robots are gaining mechanical and intellectual capabilities as we speak, so do not eliminate the possibility of a Bay Max-like machine out of reach in the near future.

As technology develops, so too does the purview of what is considered robotics. Ninety percent of all robots could be found constructing cars in automatic factories in 2005. These robots are composed mainly of mechanical arms tasked with welding or screwing on specific parts of a car. Nowadays, we’re seeing an advanced and expanded definition of robotics that includes the development, creativity and utilization of robots that explore Earth’s harshest circumstance one could’ve never imagined, and robots that facilitate law-enforcement, even robots that be of tremendous help in almost every aspect of healthcare.

What is a Robot?

A robot is a programmable mechanical device that can execute tasks and interact with its environment, without the aid of human facilitation. Robotics is the technology and science behind the design, manufacturing and application of robots. The components of a robot are the body/frame, control system, manipulators, and drivetrain.

● Body/frame
The body or frame can be of any size and shape. Fundamentally, the body/frame offers the structure of the robot. Most people are comfortable with human-sized and shaped robots that they have seen in films, but the majority of actual robots resemble nothing like humans. Usually, robots are designed more for function purpose.

Control System
The control system of a robot is analogous to the central nervous system of a human. It controls and coordinates all facets of the robot. Sensors provide feedback stemmed on the robot’s surroundings, which is then sent to the Central Processing Unit (CPU). The CPU will filter this information through the robot’s programming and makes directions based on logic. The same can be done with tons of inputs or human orders.

Plenty of robots are required to interact with their environment, and the world around them to consummate their purposes. Sometimes they are designed to move or re-locate objects from their environments without direct instruction by human operators. Unlike the Body/frame and the Control System, manipulators are not indispensable to a robot; in other words, a robot can exist without a manipulator.

● Drivetrain
Even though some robots are capable of performing their tasks from one location, it is often a requirement of robots that they should be able to move from one spot to another spot. To get the job done, they require a drivetrain. Drivetrains comprise a powered method of mobility. Human-like style robots use legs, while most other robots will use some sort of wheeled technique.

Examples of Robotic Equipment

Space Shuttle Robotic Arm
The arm has six joints, designed to imitate the joints of the human arm. Two are in the shoulder, one is at the elbow, and three are in the highly dexterous wrist. At the end of the wrist is an end effector from which can grapple or grab the desired payload. In the weightless environment of space, it can lift more than 586,000 pounds and place it with outstanding accuracy. Its total weight on earth is 994 lbs.

● Mobile Servicing System
The Mobile Servicing System (MSS) otherwise known as Canadarm2 was designed to provide manipulation functions for the International Space Station, it is a similar device to the RMS. The MSS is accountable for servicing payloads and instruments added to the International Space Station, while also facilitating the transport of supplies and equipment around the station.

● Control Subsystem
The Control Subsystem allows a human operator to maneuver the robot. Instructions are passed on through joysticks and buttons on the VEX-net Joystick, and sent wirelessly to the robot. The robot can be controlled through a combination of manual and autonomous methods in this fashion. The VEX-net Joystick enables a human operator to control a robot in real time using the innovational VEX-net Wireless link. The joystick has two 2-axis analog joysticks, 4 trigger buttons and two 4-button directional pads.

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