3 Methods of Constructing 5 Axis CNC Tool

Posted on Apr 20, 2020

5 axis CNC

For agile and fast machining, the 5 axis CNC machining center is one of the most effective metal machining solutions in the industry today.

How to Go About Constructing Five Axis CNC Tool?

In all classifications, there are three main methods of constructing five-axis machine tools. Here we introduce them as follows: The swing head is a type that can achieve most machining angles. This machine and other 5-axis components, such as four plus one and three plus two machining centers, are considered very convenient. Because of the existing three axis alignment, the latter has more practical advantages. Traditionally, it is well known that a machining center is designed with at least three axes, namely x, y, and z. For vertical and horizontal models, anything can be equipped with other axes to make the 5 axis machine.


:: Read more : Why You Need 5 Axis Machining Centers

Working Table and Indexing

By designing two other axes on the rotary table, the x, y, and z axes can be moved to two new working dimensions, allowing for possible cutting processes at multiple angles. The structure of the four plus one is the same, and all these mechanisms are under the control of the computer numerical control unit, so that the synchronized action perfectly matches the target accuracy.


Tool Holding and Working

In the machine tool industry, all types of machine tools with at least one or more tool holders will be designed and installed. Lathes, milling machines, machine centers, drilling machines, boring machines, and even tapping machines are designed with tool holders to clamp and unclamp tools so that worn out cutters can be replaced by the new one or be re-shaped again for future processing tasks. In the field of machine tools, a machine taper is a system for securing cutting tools or tool holders in the machine spindle or power tool spindle. In principle, a conical convex member is fitted into a concave receptacle, with matching tapers of equal angles.

Almost all machine tool spindles and many power tool spindles are designed with tapers as their main method of connecting tools, and even on many traditional and advanced drilling machines, handheld drills, and turning machines. Even if they have a chuck, such as a drill chuck or collet chuck, the chucks are still connected by taper. On the other hand, for drill bits, drilling machines and milling machines, the convex member is a tool shank or a tool holder, and the female socket is integrated with the spindle. This is basically composition.


Work Piece Sizes

If the size of the workpiece is too large and exceeds the size allowed in the operation, the machining will cause the body to vibrate too much, thereby reducing the accuracy of the machining center. It is unacceptable for manufacturers and  following production lines, so the manufacturer may add some other structural designs to the car body to make it have better rigidity during the milling process. The machining process for milling capabilities is to use spinning tools to remove workpiece material by advancing the tool into one or more workpiece materials.

Of course, this processing method can be completed in different directions. In the field of metal processing, the milling process of a machining center involves a variety of operations, ranging from a single tiny part to heavy and large milling operations. The double column plus five axis function is one of the very practical solutions to solve the problem of processing vibration while improving accuracy. Double column machining centers are usually divided into two types: fixed columns or moving columns. The design of the former is that neither of the two columns can be moved, while the latter allows the birth of the other axis, which greatly improves the convenience of processing. 5 axis CNC double column machining center is a highly developed machine tool that can handle a variety of machining tasks. After the development of 5 axis, the development of this particular type of machine tool is progressing smoothly in the industry. Since then, the machine center has been widely used in various Industry, provides a wide range of uses for industry.


New Trend Coming or Not

Whether it is the automotive industry or the 3C consumable power industry, manufacturers who need to perform machining tasks in the 21st century tend to purchase machining centers for wider application. The machine tool is the most basic capital product of the manufacturer, and plays a vital role in determining the final output of the final product. The quality of the machine tool becomes the key to the manufacturer's final product quality. Machine tool inventory changes from time to time. After inventing the machining center and program control system (CNC, computer numerical control), compared with the previous standard, the machining standard has become more and more strict. In addition to CNC machining centers, there are CNC turning centers, CNC milling machines, CNC tapping and milling centers, CNC drilling and milling machines and other custom machine tools.


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