Two major lathe machine categories explained. Horizontal vs. Vertical

Posted on Aug 6, 2019

Two major lathe machine categories explained. Horizontal vs. Vertical

Lathe Machines are usually designed with horizontal structures and are the most common method for people to cut cylindrical work pieces. However, a vertical lathe is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on a rotating axis and performs various machining operations vertically.

Two Categories of Lathe Machine

Generally, lathes are divided into two main types according to the way of clamping work pieces, namely vertical lathes and horizontal lathes. In the former, the work piece is clamped vertically, and the cutting tool is installed in the same direction, so the machining process is performed in the vertical direction.

Compared with horizontal lathes, the vertical clamping is stronger due to the effect of gravity. Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually extend their vertical lathes to first-class manufacturing equipment for various industrial users who are pursuing high quality, such as the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment, and other fields with larger-sized work pieces.

In addition, in the vertical clamping mechanism, the spindle is located behind the chuck. The spindle can be driven by a belt or through other driving methods. Like milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility and provide users with greater processing possibilities.

:: Read more : Is Vertical CNC Lathe Better than Horizontal CNC Lathe? Why, Or Why Not?


Importance of Turrets

Power turret is a standard accessory for many modern CNC (computer numerical control) lathes, and it is one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users. Taiwan suppliers are committed to this business and have developed many well-known power turrets and power tools to meet the needs of lathe users in the global market. The power turret is driven by a single motor or dual motors with servo function, which can ensure the best processing quality and save energy consumption.


Importance of Accessories

In addition to power turrets, tool magazines and automatic tool changers (ATC) are also the best-selling products of machine tool and accessory manufacturers in Taiwan. Taiwan-made tool magazine and automatic tool change system can provide customers with the best T to T time according to the cycle time engineering, so as to help customers complete various processing tasks.

Compared with global competitors, Taiwanese manufacturers know better how to provide customers with the best blueprint plans and comprehensive services based on local conditions, and can upgrade existing machine tools or accessories in the factory to the latest version to meet new orders demand.

Spindles, chucks and hydraulic cylinders are also well developed in the Taiwan market. Together with CNC lathes, a series of lathes and accessories have been widely used in different industrial fields around the world.

So, Horizontal Lathe or Vertical Lathe. Which to choose?

Vertical Lathe

A vertical lathe is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on a rotating axis and performs various machining operations vertically.

The working mode is basically the same as the horizontal lathe. This type of machining is performed by tools applied to the work piece to create objects symmetrical to the axis driven by the spindle.

:: Read more : Understanding Vertical Lathe: An Introduction

Horizontal Lathe

The horizontal lathe is a highly developed machine tool and has been widely used for more than two centuries. It is still the most suitable machine tool for most turning tasks.

Its horizontal structure makes it easy to use and maintain, and because of its convenience and structure, whether it is a flat bed or slant bed lathe, it has been more widely used in many industries.

For users, there is no absolute answer to choosing a horizontal or vertical lathe, but only needs to make a choice according to the working environment and processing requirements.

:: Read more : Horizontal Lathes & Horizontal Clamping


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