Horizontal Machining Center and Vertical Processing

Posted on Feb 13, 2019

Horizontal Machining Center and Vertical Processing

When people talk about modern machining technology, horizontal machining centers have become a vital topic due to their powerful machining capabilities.

About Horizontal Machining Center (CNC Machining Center)

When people talk about modern machining technology, horizontal machining center becomes a critical theme due to their powerful machining capabilities. Some people may think that a horizontal turning center is similar to a horizontal machining center, but the processing methods of the two are actually different in many ways.

Read More: Horizontal Milling Machines Basics


Work pieces of HMC known to the public

Work pieces used properly by horizontal machining centers are components of automotive brake systems, such as ABS steel pins, FR side parts, anchors, brake linings, brake linings, brake cooling pipes, brake discs, brake drums, brake pistons, brake rotors, booster unit and so on. In addition to the braking system, many engine components are also optimally processed by horizontal machining centers, including camshaft parts, connecting rods, crankcases, crankshaft pulleys, crankshafts, cylinder heads, engine blocks, engine brackets, valve cover, etc. Horizontal machining can cut these metal work pieces made of alloy faster.


A booming business rise on the horizon

Horizontal machining centers are machines developed due to the needs of the automotive industry. Machining centers with horizontal structure can handle many precision machining tasks on one machine without the need for multiple workstations. The idea of one-stop machining originated from traditional milling and drilling machines. With the increasingly complex engine and cylinder structure in automotive engineering technology, traditional lathes and vertical machining centers are no longer applicable.

Due to the overall improvement of safety performance, automobile frame and chassis engineering has become more and more complex, making the development of horizontal machining center popular in the field of machine tools. Using machining centers with horizontal alignment, car manufacturers can easily obtain components with higher standard, thereby achieving strict safety requirements.


Fast and big progress of the HMC development

The machining center with horizontal structure has been widely used in various industries due to its enhanced processing capabilities, not only for the automotive industry, but also for the aerospace and power industries, providing a wide range of uses. In the past, machining centers moved rotary tools into one or more work pieces in a track to remove materials. Later, due to the newly added axis alignment, both boxed and linear guides can be processed in different directions. In addition to the traditional horizontal turning process, horizontal machining can cover a variety of cutting operations, and also has a wider processing range, including small parts of electrical consumables and heavy machining in heavy industry (such as power station applications). Horizontal machining is one of the most commonly used machining methods and can help machine users achieve precise machining.


Why people study the horizontal machining centers?

In private companies and academic centers, research and experiments on one-stop milling, drilling and tapping are widely welcomed. With a vertical machining center and a conventional lathe, it is difficult to achieve the productive features of precision work pieces with complex contours. The term "HMChorizontal machining center" can be used to describe a variety of CNC tapping, drilling and milling machines with horizontal structure equipped with several key supporting accessories such as cutting tool magazines, ATC systems, linear guides, rollers Screws, power turret, movable tools, rotating or tilting tables (the 4th and 5th axis), APC, etc.

Read More: Why Horizontal Machining Center Wins in Certain Cases


What are the supportive accessories of HMC?

Due to the processing requirements of the machine users, these supporting accessories are considered as part of the horizontal machining center. As this industrial trend matures in the 21st century, machining centers can be more highly customized than ever, thus forming a brand new business model. Therefore, machine sales also require a more detailed understanding of the practical application of machine users. Machining centers can be divided into two main categories: vertical and horizontal.

In addition to horizontal machining centers and vertical machining centers, manufacturers in Germany, Taiwan, Japan, and the United States all have their own processing standards. Regional differences are still very important for manufacturers, making them prefer to use specific machining models.

Read More: Two major lathe machine categories explained. Horizontal vs. Vertical


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