Lathe machining is versatile and one of the most widely used machine tools

Posted on Jul 2, 2020

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Lathe machining is versatile and one of the most widely used machine tools

The turning process is intended for precise machining of relatively hard materials.

A CNC lathe is a tool that rotates a workpiece around its axis to perform various operations, such as cutting, grinding, knurling, drilling or deformation, facing, turning, using tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry around the axis of rotation. They were originally designed for metalworking; however, with the advent of plastics and other materials, and with their inherent versatility, they are used in a wide range of applications and a wide range of materials.

Shaping various materials and performing various functions such as grinding, deforming, cutting, facing, knurling, drilling, turning and much more is done using lathes. Special tools are used to perform these various operations. Read on to learn more about lathe operations:

 

What Is Lathe?

A CNC lathe is a machine that helps shape several pieces of material into desired shapes. lathe machines that rotate an element on an axis to perform various operations such as cutting, facing, knurling, deformation and more. Metal spinning, thermal spraying, wood turning and metalworking are typical lathe operations. Thanks to this miracle of work, you can even shape ceramics. Regardless of the material used in the lathe, whether metal or wood is first formed. The most commonly used lathe machines are woodworking lathes.

A piece of wood is placed between the head and the lathe tailstock. Clamping is also used to work the element around the axis of rotation with the help of a faceplate, clamps / dogs or collet / handle. Products manufactured using a CNC lathe include poles, musical instruments, candlesticks, table legs, baseball bats, gun barrels, camshafts, bowls, crankshafts and much more. There are many lathes that vary in size and shape depending on the work to be done.

:: Read more : The Basic Concepts of CNC Lathe

 

Lathes Operations

General operations performed on a lathe are grooving, turning, cutting, grinding, etc. If someone wants to operate a lathe, they must first know about feeds, cutting speed, cutting depth and tool use. Each CNC lathe machining has its own factors that must be considered before doing the job. The factors should be properly used to avoid mishandling and mishaps when performing any CNC lathe machining. With each desired cut, the speed, depth and feed of the lathe are changed for precision.

 

Types of Lathe Operation

The working of the lathe machine changes with every operation and cut desired. There are a lot of operations used for using the lathe machines. Some of the common lathe operations are:

Facing
This is usually the first step in any CNC lathe machining on a CNC lathe. Cut the metal from the end to fit the right angle of the shaft and remove the mark.

Tapering
Tapering is the cutting of metal into an almost conical shape with the help of a composite slider. This is the situation between parallel steering and facing. If they are willing to change the angle, they can adjust the composite slider as needed.

Parallel Turning
This operation is done to cut metal parallel to the axis. Perform parallel turning to reduce the diameter of the metal.

Parting
The part is removed so that it faces the end. To this end, the typing tool should slowly participate to perform the operation. To make the cut deeper, pull the parting tool out and transfer to the side of the cut to prevent the tool from breaking.

:: Read more : A CNC lathe machine might be the only machine you need!

 

Lathe Cutting Tools

There are several lathe cutting tools that are essential in cutting with the lathe machines. The most commonly used types are listed below:

●     Carbide tip tools

●     Grooving tool

●     Cut-Off blade

●     Parting blades

●     Boring bar

●     Side tool

The lathe is a very versatile and important machine that knows how to operate. This machine turns a cylindrical object into a tool controlled by individual users. The lathe is the precursor of all machine tools. Work is maintained and rotated around its axis, while the cutting tool is moved along the line of the desired cut. The lathe is one of the most versatile machine tools used in the industry. Foams for turning, tapering, turning, screw cutting, facing, matting, boring, spinning, grinding, polishing can be used with the appropriate attachments. Cutting operations are carried out with a cutting tool fed in parallel or at right angles to the working axis. The cutting tool can also be fed at an angle, relative to the working axis, for machining cones and angles. The tailstock can accommodate tools for drilling, threading, reaming or cutting cones. In addition, it can support the end of the workpiece with the center and can be adjusted to suit different lengths of the workpiece.


Types of Lathes

Lathes can be divided into three types for easy identification: motorized lathe, turret lathe and special purpose lathe. Some smaller ones are bench-mounted and partly portable. Larger lathes are mounted on the floor and may require special transport if they need to be moved. Field and maintenance workshops usually use a lathe that can be adapted to many operations and which is not too large to move from one workplace to another. The engine lathe is ideal for this purpose. A trained operator can perform more machining tasks with a motor lathe than any other machine tool.Turret lathes and special purpose lathes are usually used in mass production or workshops or specialized parts, while basic motor lathes are usually used for all types of lathes. Further references to lathes in this chapter will apply to various motor lathes.

Roll turning centers made of high quality materials ensuring tensile strength and resistance to adverse conditions as well as high performance in the iron and steel industry, in the metal industry for grinding rolling mills. It is also useful in the production of plastic and metal dies in various industries such as sugar, paper, cement and heavy industry. All gearboxes are made of the highest quality parts with a durable structure for grinding, drilling, cutting for turning wood, metal spinning, glass processing in various industries. Lightweight all gearboxes are also available on the market with improved features. All of these machines are manufactured in several developing countries and exported to demanded countries. Many industries also import these devices with extended functions and accessories for better performance, easy operation and maintenance at a low price.

:: Read more : CNC Lathes Are the Workhorse of Any Machine Shop

 

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