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Posted on Dec 23, 20194
A CNC mill turn lathe is a lathe that can conduct programmed milling as well as programmed turning procedures or even mill-turn complex. This type of lathe machines is a complicated programmed turning cutter that can deal with a series of sophisticated cutting tasks and achieve shorter cycle time within a relative cost range.
A lathe is also called a turning machine, that is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on the x-axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, facing, and turning. Such machining procedures are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.
Traditionally, turning process is only conducted on a turning machine, that is, a lathe, and milling process, on the other hand, is conducted only on the milling machines instead. These two types of cutting methods are rarely integrated due to the barriers in technology than in the old days. Yet, as the power turrets and live tools are widely applied today in the machinery sector, these two functions are able to be integrated into one, making the machining much more convenient.
In regard to the ordinary working conditions, turning machines are further categorized into two main types based on the way how the lathe machines clamp the work pieces and how their cutting tools move. As a result, there are vertical lathe and the horizontal lathe in the market as the basic category.
In the case of the vertical mill turn centers, the work piece is clamped vertically and the cutting tool is thus installed the same direction so that the machining is conducted vertically. By this way, the clamping is much more stern and fixed due to the gravity effect compared to the horizontal methodology and manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually made their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users in a variety of industrial sectors that pursue for high precision, such as automotive industry, aerospace sector, sport equipment application, and other fields with larger size work pieces that is heavy regarding the center of gravity.
The clamping mechanism of the vertical lathe machines is introduced as follows. The spindles of vertical turning lathes are also located behind the chuck, while some may be belt-driven, and some may be other types of driving mechanisms.
Like other milling machines and CNC machine centers, turning lathes can also be equipped with power tools as well as too magazines to boost its functionality and versatility, granting wider processing possibility to users. Power turret is a modern and standard accessory of many CNC turning machines, and as one of the most important accessories to the users of CNC lathes, Taiwanese suppliers aim at this business and have developed many well known power turret and power tool companies that supports the demands form lathe users all over the world market.
Many of these power turrets are driven by single motor with servo features, which can assure the best machining effects and save the optimal energy consumption; at the mean time, they can also provide great rigidity onto the work pieces, rendering an ideal cutting capabilities. As we have discussed earlier, due to the utilization of the power turret, the integration of milling and turning are thus possible.
As a result, in such mechanical design, the tool magazine would be accompanied with an automatic tool changer so that the tools are working lively. In addition to the power turret, tool magazine and the automatic too changer (ATC) are also the best sellers of Taiwanese machine tool accessory manufacturers.
Tool magazines and ATC systems made by Taiwanese suppliers offer the optimal T to T timing to customers based on their cycle time engineering, and hence can help business owners cope with the order demands. Based on turning functionality and the corresponding lathe frame, mill turn centers are widely accepted by a wide variety of industrial users in all kinds of industry just like an ordinary versatile machining center.
In addition to the vertical lathe, horizontal processing is one of the oldest arrangements in the rotational processing in the human history. Regarding the horizontal processing of turning, this type of turning model has been applied the widest in the industrial field and is still very practical even if the era of machining centers has already come for decades. The horizontal nature makes the mill turning machines easy to be used, adjusted, and maintained, and are used even wider in a lot of industries due to their great convenience and practical structure.
Therefore, there is no standard answer to either horizontal or vertical is better for users, but only about the application sectors and their processing requirements. With the increased RPM of the spindle speed, high speed mill turning centers are highly developed machine tool options for 3C consumable manufacturers because they can deal with many precision machining tasks all at once with the help of the additional axes.
Some users said that, they may even recognize that, mill turn centers could be categorized as machining centers, while this is not exactly what is was in the past.
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