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If you need a reliable tool for cutting wood, sawn timber and metal, as well as for making curved cuts, a band saw can be for you. When it comes to power tools, the band saw is probably not the best known. When you think about power tools, you probably think about things like drills, table saws, circular saws, etc. Many people probably don't even know what a band saw is. In this full guide, I will tell you everything you need to know about band saws.
Conceptually, the band saw is a very simple tool. A single, continuous belt with metal teeth is sandwiched between two wheels. The wheels are rotated by a band saw motor, which gives the metal force cutting power. This metal band that is toothed is called a band saw. The rotation of the band blade allows cutting not only coniferous wood, but also sawn timber and metal.
Band saws, like many other power tools, come in both portable and stationary versions (they are often also called floor and table models). Both are essentially the same power tool, and the only real difference is the ease of carrying them.
The basic principle of a band saw is that a rotating band with a metal blade cuts through the material. Many of you no doubt know the way a saber saw works. A single blade is driven up and down by an internal motor to produce cutting power. This is how various saws work, including jigsaws, reciprocating saws, etc. The band saw works slightly differently. With the help of a band saw, the rotating wheels drive a single strand of continuous metal (hence the name "tape"), which performs the cut.
Depending on the type of model you use, you'll need to control the blade or material (I will talk more about this difference later when I talk about the differences between vertical and horizontal band saws).
The main value of the vertical band saw is its versatility in cutting. It can not only make such simple cuts as a table saw (although a vertical band saw may not really correspond to the clean volume and cutting force of an average table saw), but it can also make curved cuts.
As with almost all types of saws, band saws are supplied with a variety of blades that work best in a variety of jobs.
Regular band saw blades are ideal for precision cutting of thin materials such as softwood and plastic sheets.
Slide blades are ideal for cutting wood, non-ferrous metals and plastics. These blades have widely spaced teeth without a rake angle to avoid clogging, and the cuts are clean and accurate.
Hook the tooth blades. These blades cut aggressively on all kinds of materials, including metal, wood, plastics etc. These blades cut quickly, but they are not a good idea if you need small, accurate cuts.
Alternating Blade Setting: These are blades with one tooth shifted to the left and next shifted to the right. They are mainly used by turners and sculptors.
There are two main types of band saws; vertical and horizontal. The main difference between them is whether you need to feed the material you are cutting or the blade itself. There is also a horizontal / vertical combined band saw.
While they both work on the same principle, they have different uses. Let me explain.
On the horizontal band saw, the object is attached, and the blade on the swinging arm is brought to work. The main advantages of horizontal saws are their ability to cut harder materials and larger amounts of materials. This makes them more popular in factories or professional workshops where size matters.
Horizontal band saws are widely used in the metal industry. Most workshops, tool shops and production units require an effective method of quickly cutting large metal rods into smaller sizes. The horizontal band saw replaces the older power saw in the metal industry because band saws are much faster.
The metal cutting bandsaws are equipped with coolant units. The coolant that flows over the blade and on to the workpiece has two factions. The coolant liquid dissipates heat from the blade and work-piece and it also washes the metal chips away.
Horizontal bandsaws are designed for making straight cuts. Bandsaws with rotating work holding base also enable them to make angular cuts. However, you can’t cut radius or intricate shapes on a horizontal bandsaw. Their size and bigger price tag tend to make them unsuitable for a lot of home workshops.
With a vertical band saw, the blade circulates at a fixed position and the work-piece is fed against the blade. So, you have to carefully maneuver the material that you are cutting into the blade. This allows for a variety of cuts. Likewise, it also makes things like curved cuts significantly easier. Because of this vertical bandsaw is often called the contour saw.
Read More: What is a Vertical Band Saw?
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