The Truth About Horizontal Band Saw

Posted on May 25, 2020

Horizontal band saw in the work.

In the sawing sector of the machine tool industry, a horizontal band saw clamps the work piece while the saw blade swings downward through cutting. This design configuration is used to cut long tubes or solid bars into a certain length. It is a critical step of processing line in most metal working factory.

Horizontal Band Saw Designs

The horizontal design is not very convenient for cutting certain contours, such as curves or other complex shapes. Small horizontal band saws usually adapt gravity feed. And in industrial medium and large band saws, the descent rate is usually determined by a hydraulic cylinder that deflates through an adjustable valve. Both woodworking and metalworking operators know that harmful chips are generated during the cutting process. Therefore, metal cutting band saw machines are usually equipped with brushes or brush wheels to prevent chips from getting caught between the saw teeth.

What to Expect from Horizontal Band Saws?

In order to cool the saw blade, the band saws must be equipped with a cutting fluid circuit system, because the coolant can wash away the chips while keeping the saw blade cool and well lubricated. The automatic band saws can realize the automation through PLC or CNC control system. These automated control systems are specifically designed for mass production lines in manufacturing plants worldwide.

:: Read more: The History of Band Sawing and Its Innovative Ideas

Types of Saw Machines

There are two main types of sawing machines in the industrial market: band sawing machines and circular sawing machines. Unlike the band saw that we have introduced for a while, circular sawing machines use circular tools for sawing instead of sawing bands. Therefore, circular sawing machines have unique processing characteristics. The band saw is a power sawing machine, with a long and sharp blade. The blade is composed of a continuous toothed metal belt stretched between the wheels, and the target material is cut by continuous sawing motion.

Why Use a Horizontal Band Saw?

Compare the band saw machine with the circular saw machine in detail; band saws are particularly suitable for metal processing and wood processing. The horizontal band saw clamps the workpiece while the saw blade swings down to perform the cutting. This type of band saws is often used to cut long tubes or solid bars into a certain length. It is a critical step of the processing line in almost every metalworking factory. And, circular saws use circular tools to perform the sawing process. A circular saw is a power saw that uses a tooth shape, an abrasive disc set, or a saw blade to cut different materials through a rotary motion that rotates around an arbor. In other types of sawing machines, hole saws and ring saws also use a rotary motion but are different from circular saws.
The circular sawing machines were invented at the end of the 18th century and were mainly used in agriculture. By the middle of the 19th century, circular sawing machines were widely used in sawmills in the United States. Circular saws can be used to cut many kinds of materials, such as wood, masonry, plastic, and metal. The circular saw can be hand-held or mounted on a fixed machine. Versatility is one of the main characteristics of this type of saw.

Features and Applications of Horizontal Band Saw

The term "circular saw" specifically refers to handheld and table saws. The chop saw is another conventional form of the circular saw in the woodworking industry. In addition, the terms "Skilsaw" and "Stihl saw" are common terms for conventional handheld circular saws on the sawing machine market. Circular saw blades are customized for each specific material or special processing requirement. For example, in the field of woodworking, specially designed circular saw blades can be used for trimming, cross-cutting, or a combination of the two to perfectly complete the cutting task.

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