Turning Center and Machining Center: A Comparison

Posted on Jan 6, 2020

Turning Center and Machining Center: A Comparison

In the field of metal processing, the machinery traditionally known as CNC mill turn can be regarded as an advanced version of conventional CNC lathe machine tools.

A CNC lathe is also called a CNC turning machine, is a machine that rotates a work piece on a rotating shaft to perform various machining operations, such as cutting, knurling, grinding, and turning. If the functionality is enhanced with some accessories, it can be also called turning centers.


Cutting Tools

These types of machining tasks are handled using turret tools that are applied to the work piece and create objects symmetrical to the spindle, which is driven by the spindle and assisted by movable tools and other power equipment.

With that equipment, CNC turning centers can do a lot of job other than turning only, because turning centers are given with other capacities such as milling, drilling, etc.


The Traditional Category Works Here!

From the ordinary point of view of lathe habits, turning centers with turrets are divided into two main types based on the way of clamping the work piece. These are vertical turning centers and horizontal turning centers.

For the vertical type, the work piece is clamped vertically. The cutting tools are installed in the same direction, and the machining can be performed vertically. Both methods are acceptable for most processing tasks, but sometimes when the processing becomes tricky, the direction is important.

Compared with the horizontal method, when the vertical arrangement is adopted, the clamping effect of CNC turning centers is more firm and fixed due to the gravity effect.

The manufacturers of vertical lathes usually turn the vertical lathes into first-class manufacturing equipment for users in a variety of industrial sectors that pursue for high precision, such as the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment applications, and other fields with larger-sized work pieces and other objects and materials.

These are all processing variables about CNC mill turn machines and CNC turning centers.

:: Read more : Two major lathe machine categories explained. Horizontal vs. Vertical


Powerful Support: Turret

The power turret of CNC turning centers is necessary to complete machining tasks. The CNC turning centers can only be assisted with them to achieve the goal with the power turret technology. Many power turrets are driven by a single motor with servo function, which can ensure the best machining effect and save the best energy consumption.

At the same time, they can also provide high rigidity for the work piece and ideal cutting capacity in CNC turning process. In addition, the tool magazine and automatic tool changer are also the best-selling products of Taiwan machine tool accessories suppliers.

Taiwan's tool magazine and ATC system provide customers with the best tool time tools based on their cycle time engineering, and can help manufacturers meet their order requirements. With the vertical clamping mechanism, the spindle of the vertical lathe is also located behind the chuck, while some may be belt driven and some may be other types of drive mechanisms.

Like other milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility, and provide users with greater processing possibilities. The power tool holder is a modern standard accessory for many CNC lathes.

As one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users, Taiwan suppliers have targeted this business and developed many well-known power turret and power tool companies to support the demands form lathe users all over the global industrial users and consumers.


Turning and Milling Comparison

Regarding the comparison of any two machine tool models in the machinery industry, we must first understand the application as the most basic premise, so that the comparison is meaningful.

Otherwise, it is completely inappropriate to compare the driving speed and swing radius of the excavator and the racing car.

For concentric work pieces with rotational machining, the CNC turning process will be more efficient, and with the support of the power turret, the profiles can be excellent.

At the same time, if the work pieces are not concentric, and the machining requirements have different angle and phase requirements, milling-based machinery, such as machining centers and milling machines, are more suitable for such machining tasks.

Using an automatic tool changer system with one or more together, the tool magazine can even cut the work piece quicker. For the on-site operator, the entire process can be achieved smoothly, they do not need to manually change all the details, but the computer system CNC can do everything.

In short, each type of machine tool has its own advantages, it is the user needs to understand how to choose between machine tool models base on their processing requirements.

:: Read more : Turning and Milling Make the Best Lathe Machining


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