Understanding Vertical Lathe: An Introduction

Posted on Oct 7, 2019

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Understanding Vertical Lathe: An Introduction

Vertical lathes have many advantages on the vertical machining tasks. They are designed according to different manufacturers. In addition to a variety of optional accessories, these lathes usually also have complex dividing arrangements to allow the spindle to rotate precisely.

Vertical lathes vary in size. Therefore, they differ in terms of the personnel required for operation. You can guarantee a high quality new vertical lathe with a minimum amount.

Lathes are usually designed with horizontal structures and are the most common method for people to cut cylindrical work pieces. However, a vertical lathe is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on a rotating axis and performs various machining operations vertically.

The working mode is basically the same as the horizontal lathe. This type of machining is performed by tools applied to the work piece to create objects symmetrical to the axis driven by the spindle for vertical machining.

 

What Does Vertical Lathe Mean?

The vertical lathe makes it very convenient to mount, align, and fasten the work piece to be processed. The distinguishing feature of the vertical lathe is the vertical arrangement of the spindle.

The chuck is located on the top of the spindle, and the radially displaced cam fixes the work piece on the chuck. Vertical lathes are machine tools that use rotary motion for turning. The cutting tools fixed on a support can feed in translation. Because the weight and cutting force of the work piece are absorbed by the circularly directing chuck, the stress to the spindle is partially relieved.

In the vertical turning machines, the work piece is fixed vertically by the clamping force, and the installation direction of the cutting tool is the same, so the processing is carried out vertically. Compared with the horizontal lathe, the rigidity of the clamping mechanism is greatly improved due to the gravity effect.

Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually extend their vertical lathes to high precision manufacturing equipment for use by various industrial users who pursue high precision, such as the automotive industry, aerospace departments, sports equipment, and other fields with larger-sized work pieces.

:: Read more : Two major lathe machine categories explained. Horizontal vs. Vertical

 

Vertical Lathe Starting in the Next Four Minutes

Vertical lathes make the work results better and cutting materials will be much easier. They are made of cast metal or metal blocks. Because there is no second grip, the Vertical lathe is particularly effective and brings the benefits of quick loading and unloading.

Used vertical lathes are better than new ones, because when resale is needed, there is no huge loss due to depreciation. These machines are used to process high precision work pieces. The vertical lathe will properly complete the processing tasks you want, and allow you to easily produce customized work pieces based on the vertical machining process. This machine used in a wide range of production is called a vertical lathe.

 

The Treasure of Vertical Lathe

Vertical lathes are used for machining cylindrical, conical, and contoured surfaces and to trim face ends. Vertical lathes with turrets can also drill, counter boring, and reaming.

Equipped with special accessories, the lathe can do engraving, slotting, milling, and polishing. Multiple cutting tools can be used at the same time on a vertical lathe, each cutting tool is fixed on a separate support, and the efficiency can be significantly improved.

Vertical lathes can process work pieces with diameters ranging from 1 meter to 20 meters (equivalent to 39.37 to 787.40 inches). Vertical lathes have high metal cutting efficiency. However, due to tool change time and component loading, fixing and unloading time, the utilization rate of vertical lathes may be disadvantageous.

Over the past decade, as the demand for energy and transportation has grown, so has the demand for machining concentric parts on large vertical lathes. Gas, steam, wind turbines and aero engines all require large parts to be processed by turning. The rapid increase in freight volume and urban passenger traffic also contributed to the demand for wheel productions.

:: Read more : Is Vertical CNC Lathe Better than Horizontal CNC Lathe? Why, Or Why Not?

 

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