Four Types of Grinding Machines and Their Uses

Posted on Aug 12, 2020

Grinding Machines

A grinder or sander is an industrial power tool that uses an abrasive disc to cut. There are different types of sanders, each with a different purpose. Here is an overview of the most popular types of precision grinders.

Surface grinders

The surface grinder consists of an abrasive wheel, a holder (workpiece holder), and a turntable. The handle is used to hold the material in place while the wheel and workpiece are rotated for a smooth finish.

:: Read More: Surface Grinding Machines in the Automotive Industry


Cylindrical grinders

The cylindrical grinder is used to shape the outer side of the workpiece. These machines accept workpieces of various shapes as long as they can be rotated through a central axis. In a cylindrical grinder, the workpiece and the grinding wheel are simultaneously rotated. Outside diameter grinders, inside diameter grinders, and centerless grinders are all types of cylindrical grinders.


Centerless Grinders

A centerless grinder is a type of cylindrical grinder that uses two swivel wheels to hold the workpiece in place. Unlike a center grinder, a centerless grinder does not use a spindle. The speed at which the wheels rotate determines the speed at which material is removed.

:: Read More: Centerless Grinding and Precision Machining


Tool and cutter grinders

Tool and cutter grinder uses a CNC machine tool with up to 5 axes and multiple grinding wheels. These machines are used for sharpening and producing milling cutters such as drills, cutters, and step tools. It is also widely used in the manufacture of tools needed in the woodworking and machining industries.

Grinders are tools that use a rotating grinding wheel to change the shape or dimensions of a hard, usually metal, body. All types of grinders use a grinding wheel made of one of the manufactured abrasives, silicon carbide or aluminum oxide. The pad is manufactured by mixing selected sizes of abrasive granules with a binder (e.g., clay, resin, rubber, shellac, or sodium silicate) and fusing them by firing or firing. The grade (hardness) of the grinding wheel depends on the ratio of the bond to abrasive. In fact, the grinding wheel is self-sharpening because the dull grains break off during operation, revealing fresh, sharp grains. The harder the species, the slower the wheel releases the grains.

The shapes that can be obtained by machine grinding depend on the shapes that can be cut with a diamond or other "dresser" on the sides and edges of the wheel and the way the workpiece is moved relative to the wheel. To grind a cylindrical shape in a workpiece, the workpiece is rotated as it is fed onto the grinding wheel. To grind the inner surface, the small wheel is mounted such that it can move back and forth in a workpiece cavity which is held in a rotatable chuck.

On a surface grinder, a flat magnetic plate or vise holds the workpiece in place on the table as it slides back and forth under a spinning grinding wheel. At the end of each crossbeam, the table is automatically moved a short distance at right angles to the direction of travel.


A variety of special grinding tools and machinery are available.

Grinders or Grinders are tools for grinding workpieces. It gives a smooth finish on a flat surface. The grinding wheel is used in cut-off grinders.

The grinding wheel is covered with an abrasive material. Each grain of abrasive cuts a small piece of the workpiece by shear deformation. There are different types of grinders depending on the purpose.

Some of the most commonly used sanders are:

• Surface grinder

• Bench grinder

• Cylindrical grinder


The most popular of the three is the surface grinder.

The main parts of the grinder are:

1) Base. 2) Table. 3) Column. 4) abrasive wheel. 5) Wheel cover. 6) Abrasive wheel head 7) Three kinds of sliding wheels. 8) Coolant supply nozzle.

The functions of the above-mentioned parts of the grinder are given below: -


1) Base

The base is the bottommost part of the grinder. Usually, it is made of cast iron. It supports the rest of the grinder.


2) Table

The table rests on the base. This is where the workpiece is properly held and held for grinding. It can move left and right horizontally with a sliding wheel known as the Hand Traversing Wheel.


3) Column

It is a vertical column in which the abrasive wheel, wheel head, and wheel guard are mounted.


4) Abrasive disc

It is the main wheel that rotates and removes materials from the surface of the workpiece and smooths them. This disc is coated with an abrasive material, so it can easily remove materials from the surface of the workpiece.

5) Wheel guard

It is a grinding wheel or grinding wheel guard that protects the worker from all kinds of accidents.


6) Wheel head

It is a chamber that is moved vertically up or down by a sliding wheel called the Vertical Feed Hand Wheel. We move this head so that the grinding wheel can touch the workpiece.


7) Three kinds of road wheels

i) Hand sliding wheel: This sliding wheel is used to move the table horizontally left and right to adjust the workpiece with the grinding wheel.

ii) Transverse handwheel: This sliding wheel is used to move the worktable forward and backward in order to bring the workpiece into contact with the grinding wheel.

iii) Vertical Travel Handwheel: This shift wheel is used to move the wheel head up and down in the vertical direction.

The three wheels are used to adjust the position of the workpiece and the grinding wheel so that the two touch each other.


8) Coolant supply nozzle: -

The coolant supply nozzle is used to place the nozzle in the grinder, which cools the work area so that heat is not dissipated to the workpiece and the abrasive wheel.


IMTS Exhibition

IMTS gathered worldwide Grinder manufacturers into this online platform. Browse and search for your next supplier with us.

Should you run into any difficulties, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Quick Link to Suppliers

0Inquiry Item Contact IMTS

International Manufacturing Teletrading Sources (IMTS) is your key to unlock the door to the industry from anywhere around the world, at any time.