What Defines An Oil Country Lathe

Posted on Oct 18, 2019

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An Oil Country Lathe

The oil country lathe is a CNC horizontal lathe. It is a heavy duty machine tool that can rotate a work piece on a rotating axis to perform various machining operations, such as cutting, deformation, facing and turning. This heavy duty machining is performed using a gigantic tool that is applied to the work piece and creates an object symmetrical to the axis, which is driven by the spindle. The spindle is driven by a power system, which can be direct drive, belt drive or gear drive.

About Oil Country Lathe

The oil country lathe is a CNC horizontal lathe. It is a heavy duty machine tool that can rotate a work piece on a rotating axis to perform various machining operations, such as cutting, deformation, facing and turning. This heavy duty machining is performed using a gigantic tool that is applied to the work piece and creates an object symmetrical to the axis, which is driven by the spindle. The spindle is driven by a power system, which can be direct drive, belt drive or gear drive.

In modern processing, turning machines are divided into two categories according to the way of clamping work pieces, namely vertical lathes and horizontal lathes. Oil country lathes are horizontal models, because most of their work pieces are too large to be loaded on the vertical platform. The work piece of the vertical lathe is clamped vertically, and the cutting tools are installed in the same direction, so the processing is performed vertically.

Read More: Horizontal Lathes & Horizontal Clamping

 

Ordinary arrangement of oil country lathe

As mentioned above, compared with the horizontal turning machine, due to the effect of gravity, the vertical clamping arrangement can be more robust. Manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually extend their vertical turning machines to a variety of high quality production equipment, which are used in industries that pursue high precision, such as the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment manufacturing, and other fields with larger-sized work pieces. These processes are not suitable for use with heavy duty lathe including oil country lathe.

Read More: What Is a VTL? Oh It’s a Vertical Turning Lathe!

 

Disadvantages of vertical arrangement

In the vertical clamping mechanism, the spindle of the lathe is located behind the chuck, which may cause the vertical arrangement of the chuck and cylinder to bear too much gravity on the base case. The spindle may be belt driven, or it may use other types of drive mechanisms.

Like other milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with powered tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility and provide users with greater processing possibilities. Power turret is a standard accessory for modern CNC lathes and one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users. Taiwan suppliers have targeted this business and developed many well known power turrets and power tools to support the needs of lathe users worldwide.

 

Market-oriented lathe design

These components and accessories have brought great convenience to users, so in the past decade, regardless of the high price, the demand has surged. Many power turrets are driven by a single motor with servo function, which can ensure the best processing effect and save energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide great rigidity to the work piece, thereby providing ideal cutting performance.

 

Other accessories

In addition to power turrets, tool magazines and automatic tool changers (ATC) are also the best selling products of Taiwan machine tool accessory suppliers. Taiwan made tool magazine and automatic tool change system can provide the best tool change time according to the customer's cycle time engineering to help customers meet their order requirements.  

Compared with global competitors, Taiwan suppliers know how to provide the best solutions and services to global customers according to local conditions, so that the existing machine tools or accessories in the customer's factory can be upgraded to the latest version to meet the order requirements. Spindles, chucks and hydraulic cylinders are also well developed in the Taiwan market. Along with CNC lathes, a series of lathes and accessories have been widely used in different industrial fields.

 

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