What is a Horizontal Boring Machine?

Posted on Aug 4, 2020

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What is a Horizontal Boring Machine

A horizontal boring machine is a specialized machine tool that bores holes in a horizontal direction in relation to the floor.  There are three main types including floor, table, and planer. Boring machines can process extremely large and heavy parts and allows operators to reach hard to machine geometries and small cavities.

A horizontal boring machine consists basically of a bed, column, saddle, ram and spindle as. The X axis is the longitudinal travel of the machine on the bed. The Y axis is the vertical travel of the saddle along the row. The Z axis and W axis are the inward and outward strokes of the plunger and boring tool spindle, respectively. The saddle is connected to the counterweight placed in the column by a wire through a pulley at the top of the column to eliminate its own weight. Each shaft is precisely driven by a ball screw or rack and pinion.

::Read more : An Introduction to Boring Machines

The workpiece is placed on the floor installed on the front side of the machine and cut with each axis operation. When a rotary table is installed, you can rotate the workpiece, and then cut its back, etc.

 

What’s the Difference between a Horizontal Boring Machine and a  vertical boring mill?

The difference between a horizontal boring mill and a vertical boring mill is that a horizontal mill’s workpiece is stationary, and the tool turns. A vertical boring mill will have a stationary tool while the workpiece turns. A horizontal boring mill allows for more versatility because the machine tool may have an unlimited part size capability and may come with special options.

 

Floor & table type horizontal boring mills

Although these boring machines are mainly used to drill holes into large parts, they’re also used for turning and milling parts. These types of boring mills are used for heavy-duty, industrial applications because of their ability to shape large components. While a table type boring mill has a table attached to the machine that moves in two axes, a floor type does not have a table but moves on floor plates.

Boring is one of the most common machining processes. However, not all types of boring machines can be used to create custom machined parts for the industrial sector. Whether because of the dimensions of the parts or the degree of precision required, some machines are simply not suitable.

A horizontal boring machine is a machine that thanks to its unique features enables the production of unique industrial parts. Here are some advantages of horizontal boring machines.

 

The possibility of producing large format elements

Some horizontal boring machines have the advantage that other machining tools cannot: the ability to produce very large workpieces. This equipment allows the creation of large-format parts, especially for sectors such as agricultural or industrial mechanics.

 

The ability to produce a large number of machined parts in less time

Horizontal boring machines have a high cutting speed and can even make several cuts at the same time, depending on the machine. This feature is especially useful in cases where the industry needs a large amount of mechanical parts to be produced and delivered in a short time.

 

Reduction of tool deflection

The bending or deflection of the machining process occurs when the tool meets more resistance than it can easily compensate for. This may cause an incorrect drilling angle when the tool is subjected to excessive force. An example illustrating this situation is when the drill is too far from the anchor point when drilling the hole.

The design of horizontal boring machines ensures that drilling is always consistent and accurate, as this distance is never too great.

 

Compatibility with CNC machining

CNC machining (Computer Numerical Control) refers to technology that allows you to control computer tools. Thanks to CNC machining, every move made by a lathe, milling machine or grinder is made according to the command entered into the computer by a technician. Therefore, computer-controlled horizontal boring machines reduce the risk of human error and ensure that cuts are always extremely precise.

In conclusion, for all the advantages mentioned above, a horizontal boring machine is practically essential for a machine shop that wants to serve as many different industries as possible.

 

Advantages of a Horizontal Boring Machine?

Performance. More and more industries are integrating boring milling machines with their devices because they are efficient and generally facilitate the entire production process. These mills are able to increase the efficiency of industrial projects in more than one way. To start with, equipment is perfect when time is a problem. Industries around the world rely on boring milling machines because they improve the boring process by doing more work in less time than manual methods.

A great investment. Boring machines are a great investment for any production or processing plant. Compared to more traditional boring methods, these solid machines are a good choice for long-term production. The best way to get the most affordable offer is to check both new and used sources for machines from reputable manufacturers.

Longer lifetime. One of the best things about boring milling machines is that they can be used for a long time thanks to innovative design, sturdy manufacturing and skillful post-sale servicing. Most machine suppliers provide modernization, general repairs and full servicing to their discerning customers. We believe in a high standard of quality for our wide array of boring milling equipment.

No foul odor and no noise pollution. Unlike many other types of mills used in factories that emit foul odors, our boring milling equipment is blissfully odor-free. There is no worry regarding noise pollution as well because the equipment operates in a noiseless manner.

 

What is the difference between vertical and horizontal machines for boring?

The standard vertical boring machine is the largest of the machine tools. It is used for machining internal and external diameters and linings of large components that are more or less symmetrical, such as large ring blanks, steam turbine castings, water turbine treads, tires for locomotives, machine tables, flanges for large pipes and pressure vessels. The size of such a machine is due to the diameter of the largest workpiece that can be machined. The vertical turret lathe is essentially a vertical boring bar and has a revolver system for holding tools. It can perform essentially the same tasks, but on a smaller scale. The machine looks like a turret lathe with the head resting on the floor and a vertical axis. The table is usually called a handle because of the setting jaws for clamping work.

::Read more : The Top Reasons you need boring machining

 

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