Why Horizontal Machining Center Wins in Certain Cases

Posted on Oct 22, 2019

Why Horizontal Machining Center Wins in Certain Cases

Due to the powerful processing capabilities of horizontal machining centers, this type of machines has become a crucial topic when people are talking about modern machine tool machining technology.


Horizontal Machining Center

Due to the powerful processing capabilities of CNC horizontal machining centers, this kind of machines has become a crucial topic when people are talking about modern machining technology.

Some CNC horizontal machining centers may be considered similar to horizontal turning center machines, but the concept of horizontal machining center methods is actually very different, making these CNC machines special.

Read More: What is a horizontal machining center?


Work Pieces of Horizontal Machining Center Machines

The most common application of CNC horizontal machining centers is the processing of automotive brake system parts, such as ABS steel pin, FR side parts, anchor, brake backing plate, brake backing pad, brake cooling duct, brake disc, brake drum, brake piston, brake rotor, booster unit.

In addition to the braking system, the machining of engine parts can also be optimally processed by CNC horizontal machining centers, including camshaft parts, connecting rod, crankcase, crank pulley, crankshaft, cylinder head, engine block, engine cradle, valve cover etc. Horizontal machine centers, equipped with the milling spindles, can make the cutting of work pieces of alloy at a faster speed.


A Booming Business Rise on the CNC Horizontal Machining Center

The horizontal machining center is a relatively young industrial machinery design that was originally developed according to the needs of the automotive industry. The horizontal machining center can handle many precision machining tasks on one machine tool at the same time, without the need to transfer work pieces between machine tools with different functions.

Such a convenient one-stop concept for horizontal machining centers was originally derived from traditional milling machines and drilling machines to respond to the increasingly complex engine and cylinder parts processing in automotive engineering, which is not possible with traditional lathes and vertical machining centers. Both horizontal and vertical are equipped with various axis units because the axis advantages determine the cutting quality.

Due to safety issues, automotive frame and chassis engineering has become more and more complex, so the development of horizontal machining centers has become very popular in the field of machine tools and the design of their spindles are important.

Through such processing methods, auto manufacturers can easily cope with higher standards and stricter safety requirements. The axis that is responsible of the cutting movements is also carefully taken care of.

Read More: Horizontal Machining Center and Vertical Processing


Fast and Big Progress of the Horizontal Machining Center Development

In the automotive industry, the technology of horizontal machining centers has grown by leaps and bounds. Since then, it has been widely used in various industries due to its enhanced processing capabilities. Its versatility is not only used in the automotive field, but also in the fields of aerospace, power generation, daily hardware and household appliances.

In the past, the goal of a horizontal machining center was to remove work piece material by pushing a movable rotary tool into one or more work pieces in a track. Later, due to the newly added axis alignment, be it inbox or linear guides, the process of horizontal machining center can be realized in different directions.

In addition to turning, horizontal machining centers can cover a wide variety of cutting operations, so their applications are wide ranging from single tiny parts for electrical consumables to heavy machining tasks for heavy industries such as power plants. On the other hand, similar to turning, a horizontal machining center is one of the most commonly used machining methods, which can help field operators achieve precise machining.


Why People Study the Horizontal Machining Center?

For one-stop milling, drilling and tapping methods are very popular in academic fields and private institutions and companies. It is difficult for vertical machining centers and conventional lathes to achieve precise work piece machining with complex contours. From a concept to a later development, the machining center eventually formed one of the main goals of the modern machine tool industry.

The term "HMC, horizontal machining center" can be used to describe various CNC tapping, drilling and milling machine tools. These machine tools are usually equipped with some key supporting accessories, such as cutting tool magazine, automatic tool change system (ATC), linear guide, roller screws, power turret, power tool, rotating or tilting table (4th and 5th axis) ), automatic pallet exchange change (APC), etc.


What Are the Supportive Accessories of the Horizontal Machining Center?

These supporting accessories or parts will be regarded as a necessary part of the horizontal machining center according to different processing needs. With the development of horizontal machining centers in the 21st century, the horizontal machining centers are more highly customized than ever before, thus forming a brand-new business model industry chain.

Therefore, the sales staff of horizontal machining centers needs to have relevant knowledge. Machining centers can be divided into two categories: vertical machining centers and horizontal machining centers, which are the main structural framework of all machining centers.


The HMC Standards

In addition to both HMC, horizontal machining center and VMC, vertical machining center producers in Germany, Taiwan, Japan, and the United States all have their machining standards especially with the spindle issues, and regional differences are still of great significance.

Therefore, when buying or using a new machining center, both the plant owner and the machine operator need to learn in details about the cutting features, axis angles, and spindle RPMs.

Read More: Horizontal Machining Centers (HMCs) – price, costs and other considerations


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