Casting Process

Casting process is a manufacturing procedure that a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then the hot and liquid state materials are allowed to solidify. There are a wide variety of casting processes in the industry and here we will introduce a few numbers of casting processes in the article.

Cast Irons

In the metal working industry, the term cast iron is a metalworking process that produces a group of iron-carbon alloys with carbon content greater than 2%. Its usefulness derives from its relatively low melting temperature. The alloy constituents affect its color when fractured, that is, white cast iron has carbide impurities which allow cracks to pass straight through. Grey cast iron has graphite flakes which deflect a passing crack and will initiate countless new cracks as the material breaks.

In the industry, cast iron is a group of iron carbon alloys with carbon content greater than a certain level of percentage. The worth of the alloy derives from its relatively low melting temperature. The alloy compositions affect its color when it is fractured once. For instance, grey cast iron has graphite flakes which deflect a passing crack, and that initiates countless new cracks as the material breaks. Meanwhile, white cast iron has carbide impurities which allow cracks to pass straight through. Ductile cast iron has spherical graphite nodules, and these alloy features are parameters to be controlled by the control unit, be human workers, or computer controlling systems. 

Mineral Casting

Mineral casting is another commonly used casting process, which is also considered a polymer based mineral casting method. This type of casting process makes construction and design material with enormous potentiality. During the operation of the mineral casting process, the selected minerals and a low proportion of epoxy resin based binding agent would form the basis for an excellent casting material for a wide range of technical and artistic applications. For these applications to be achieved, the mineral casting process workers need to know more about the users’ demands and corresponding requirements, so that the finished products could be further processed well to be the appropriate end products.

Ductile Casting

The casting of ductile iron is also called as the ductile cast iron. A ductile metal can be bent or stretched with no hard works as it is much flexible due to its composing nature. The ductile casting is a type of graphite rich cast iron product. This casting process was firstly invented during the 1940s. Since ductile materials are much easier to be bent and stretched, this kind of material contains more fatigue resistance capability. This essence can attribute to the addition of the nodular graphite element. With this nature, the ductile is not like ordinary cast irons that are often weak in tension issues and are brittle to hard impacts. To be specific, ductile iron is actually not a single material with homogeneous element. Rather, it is one portion of a mass of materials that can be manufactured with a wide variety of properties through the management of the microstructure composition. The heterogeneous nature of the ductile makes this type of materials widely applied to all kinds of industries that need serious resistance nature.

Resin Casting

In the rubber and plastics industry, resin casting process is a type of plastic casting in which a mold is poured with a liquid state of synthetic resin materials and then in the molds the resin substance is hardens. The synthetic resin for the resin casting is called a monomer for the production of a plastic thermosetting polymer material. During the setting operation, the liquid state monomer will polymerize into the polymer, and then it will harden into a solid state. Since it is not as hard as metal materials, it is mainly used for small amount production such as industrial prototypes and dentistry sectors.

All these casting methods are involved with a series of movements that involves serious knowledge of physics and material science. Users need to know more before they act in order to make sure that the following steps are ensured to be safe for their occupational safety.

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