In the machine tool industry, the tailstock is also sometimes called a footstock. It is a device that is often used in engineering lathe equipment, a wood lathe, or as a device combined with rotary table on a milling machine. Tailstocks are usually used to support work pieces machined on a rotating longitudinal axis. The lathe spindle is installed in the tailstock and holds the target work piece.
Relative to the headstock, the manual tailstock is fixed. The tailstock is required when the length of the work piece is long and the chuck fixture cannot be accommodated. During the operation, not using the tailstock may cause vibration, and the work piece will be excessively bent during cutting, resulting in a decrease in the quality of the work piece.
Generally, according to the work piece and the processing direction, the lathe can be divided into vertical lathe and horizontal lathe. The manual tailstock is very useful for the operator to fix the work piece firmly on the chuck or rotary table for further processing operations. This manual function is particularly suitable for specific types of processing and meets customized processing requirements.
No matter it is a horizontal or vertical version, needs tailstocks. A vertical lathe machine is also called a vertical turning machine, that is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning; such kind of processing is carried out through the tool.
Under normal circumstances, lathes are divided into two categories according to the processing direction. These are vertical lathes and horizontal lathes.
In vertical lathes, the machining direction is vertical movement. Compared with horizontal lathes, this clamping method is more secure and fixed due to gravity. Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually turn vertical lathes into first-class manufacturing equipment for users in various industrial fields pursuing high precision, such as the automotive industry, aerospace, sports equipment applications, and other large work piece processing.
In the mechanism of a vertical lathe, the lathe spindle is also located behind the chuck, and the spindle can be driven by a belt or in other ways. Like milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility and provide users with greater processing possibilities.
The power tool holder is a modern standard accessory for many CNC lathes. As one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users, there are many well-known power tool holders and power tool companies in Taiwan to support lathe users who have needs all over the world.
Many power turrets are driven by a single servo motor, which can ensure the best processing effect and save the best energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide high rigidity for the work piece, thereby providing ideal cutting performance.
Back to the horizontal lathe layout, this type of lathe is the oldest and most widely used in the industrial field. The horizontal characteristics make the lathe easier to use and maintain. Therefore, for users, vertical or horizontal lathes are not good or bad, but only depend on the application.
In the past, the lathe itself could only perform turning work, while milling was only performed on the milling machine. Due to technology, these two types of processing methods can only be done individually. However, with the wide application of power turrets and power tools, these two kinds of processing work can be completed on the same machine, which makes the processing more convenient.
Even when today's manufacturers tend to use programmed systems to control mechanical operations, certain manual components, like manual tailstock, is still necessary for achieving agile performance.
The composition of the headstock and tailstock is like the two ends, which is essential for the lathe. Even if the work piece material is long, it must be able to work properly. During operation, only when the tailstock is installed at the end of the lathe can the concentricity be well controlled within the expected accuracy standard.
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