An industrial water pump is a device that moves liquids from one location to another. As the name implies, these pumps are used in industrial context, applications of which include pumping water from wells, aquarium filtration work, pond filtration tasks, water cooling and fuel injection in the automotive industry, oil and gas pumping or operating cooling towers. In the field of machine tools, pumps are used to move cutting fluids and coolants in machine tools.
Whether your company intends to process water, oil, industrial chemicals, wastewater, or liquid food products, you can take advantage of an industrial water pump to help you process the fluids, moving and accelerating them when they are required to move at high flow. A typical instance of this type of pumps would be a mechanical pump.
In meeting the wide array of industrial applications, industrial water pumps come in different shapes and sizes, most of which are positive displacement pumps, such as reciprocating pumps and rotary pumps. This type of pump uses action to move fluids with high degrees of pressure at a steady rate. Other pumps that embody the same mechanism include piston pumps, diaphragm pumps, gear pumps, peristaltic pumps, progressive cavity pumps, etc.
Another infamous industrial pump is the centrifugal pumps, which accelerates a fluid and increases its pressure by using a rotating impeller. If you are not familiar with pumps, note that most types of pumps are named based on their functions, such as concrete pumps, slurry pumps paint pumps, grinder pumps, and so on. Those that are not for industrial use are specifically designed for distinct settings, such as medical, scientific, and household usage, though the pumping mechanisms are not so different.
Following the above, the positive displacement pump makes a certain amount of liquid flow into the discharge pipe, so that the fluid can move. Usually, displacement pumps use expanding cavity on the suction side and then use decreasing cavity on the discharge side. With this method, when the cavity on the suction side expands, liquid flows into the pump, and when the cavity squeezes, the liquid flows out from the discharge side. In each operation cycle, the amount of liquid is constant.
The longevity of industrial water pumps are determined by several factors. For starters, checkups and preventive maintenance on a regular basis are imperative to identify common problems to prolong the lifespan. Some of the common problems of industrial pumps that may affect the efficiency and lifespan are shown below:
● System leakage: Leaks in the piping system is a major factor that leads to performance drop of water pumps. Hot air in the piping system can lead to wear and tear on mechanical joints, as well as vibration and progressive loosening that result in leaks in pumps. When leaks happen, consult a pump expert immediately to have the loosen joints tightened or replace corroded seals if necessary.
● Pumpage problems: Pumpage means the liquid that flows through a pump system. A change in the liquid’s viscosity can affect the pump’s flow and its efficiency. This may occur when temperature fluctuates or due to other environmental factors. The best thing to do is to have a pump engineering evaluate the performance of your pump regularly to see if the pumpage is normal.
● Cavitation: Cavitation happens when bubbles forms and accrues around the pump impeller. You may be surprised how impactful these tiny bubbles are. They can release a high energy shock wave inside the liquid when they burst. Cavitation is likely to occur when you don’t have the right pump installed. A pump technician will also check for cavitation in your pump before it causes any further damage to the impeller.
● Pump curve: You do not want your pump to be operating below the standard curve. Preventive measures are required so that your pump will operate at its standard curve which aligns with the speed and flow. You’ll need a technician to check the pump’s flow and other variables against the pump’s standard curve.
Pumps are common household and industrial facilities in our lives, and modern society cannot do without them. According to market demand, the application of Industrial water pumps has changed from basic mechanical units to more intelligent fluid mechanics equipment. In the future, sensors, transmissions, small CPUs, and other IT technologies will be integrated into the pump structure to achieve the intelligent manufacturing goal of the entire production.
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