In the machine tool industry, lathe tools are cutting tools that are installed or clamped on a CNC turning center, which is also called a CNC turning machine. That is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning.
The lathe tools are often utilized onto the last part of machining. Such machining is conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetric form with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle. In regard to the ordinary conditions, lathe turning machines are categorized into two main types according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts. For the former, the work piece is clamped vertically and the lathe tools are thus installed in the same direction so that the machining is conducted in vertical direction.
With a good fixture on the vertical lathe, the clamping is much more stern and fixed due to the gravity effect compared to the horizontal methodology and manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually made their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users in a variety of industrial sectors that pursue for high precision, such as automotive industry, aerospace sector, sport equipment application, and other fields with larger size work pieces.
The vertical clamping mechanism involves the spindle arrangement. The spindles of vertical turning lathes are also located behind the chuck, while some may be belt-driven, and some may be other types of driving mechanisms. Like other milling machines and machine centers, turning lathes can also be equipped with power tools as well as too magazines to boost its functionality of the lathe tools and processing versatility, granting wider processing possibility to users.
Power turret is a modern and standard accessory of many CNC turning machines, and as one of the most important accessories to the users of CNC lathes, Taiwanese suppliers aim at this business and have developed many well known power turrets. Power tool companies that supports the demands form lathe users all over the world market know how to assist their customers with critical know how.
Many of these power turrets are driven by single motor with servo features, which can assure the best machining effects and save the optimal energy consumption; at the meantime, they can also provide great rigidity onto the work pieces, rendering an ideal cutting performances.
For lathe tools to be used properly, many of the machine tool manufacturers now know how to make the lathe tools not only capable of turning, but also works like end mills as the milling tools used on the milling machine tools. In the metalworking industry, an end mill is a type of milling cutter, which is a cutting tool utilized in industrial milling process, and it is distinguished from the drill tool in the corresponding application, geometry, and production, since a drill can only cut in the axial direction, while a milling bit can generally cut in all directions, though some cannot cut axially in a proper way.
However, end mills are used in milling applications for profile milling, tracer milling, face milling, and many other applications. With this respect, the grinding machine for end mill cutters can help to extend the working capacity as well as the productivity. There are a great variety of machining tasks such as grooves, slots, and pockets in the work piece may be processed from a variety of tool bits. Common tool bit types are square end cutters, ball end cutters, t-slot cutters, shell mills, and other types of varieties.
To give lathe tools with milling capacity, power turrets and live tools are two designs that are so important to this application. With the active tool motion, the lathe tools can be used with more powers that support a series of powerful usages that can be driven by the internal power drivers designed and installed inside the cases. For instance, square end cutters can mill square slots, pockets, and edges.
Ball end cutters can mill radius slots or fillets. The T-slot cutters mill T-shaped slots. Shell end cutters are used for large flat surfaces and for angle cuts. There are variations of these tool types as well. There are four critical angles of each cutting tool, including end cutting edge angle, axial relief angle, radial relief angle, and radial rake angle.
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