When it comes to cutting operations one should not only focus on the cutting tool itself and neglect the tool holder selection. The tool holder is almost equally as important as it is the contact point between the cutting which makes it a crucial component for the integrity of the machine’s spindle overall performance. There are different mounting styles or standards that differ in regard to their interface. Depending on whether you need to perform high-speed operations or heavy duty machining, different tool holder types might be suitable for you. In this article, we will introduce you to the basics of tool holders as well as their most common interfaces such as HSK, VDI, and BT.
Although it is not that important in terms of value compared to a complete machining center, the tool holder is an important connection between the machine tool spindle and the cutting tool. The choice and correct use of the tool holder is almost as important as the choice of the actual cutting tool. The tool holder is the contact point between the machine tool and the tool itself, so it is indispensable for the integrity of the connection with the machine spindle. It is essential that the tool is correctly inserted into the chuck and allowed to rotate in the cutting path with almost no jump. Choosing the ideal tool holder is very important, because the quality of the tool holder has a major impact on the results of the entire machining process. The most important requirements of tool holders are: high-speed clamping force, as well as reduced vibration runout accuracy and balance quality.
The tool holder is the main component that connects the machine tool to the tool. Depending on the interface, their installation styles are also different. Some of the most common systems are HSK tool holders, VDI mounts BT, and the slowly becoming outdated R8 style. All types of tool holders consist of three specific parts: a flange, a collet bag and a taper. There is no power supply for static tools and no power supply for real-time equipment.The tapered part of the knife holder is tapered. When changing a tool, it is a part connected to the spindle. The flange is connected and fixed on the automatic tool changer, which moves the spindle and the tool changer. The collet pocket faces different collet nuts and is the area where the collet insert is fixed. There are various magnetic tool holders around the cutting tool (machine tool), so it can be kept in one place intact, while many other processing tools can achieve the maximum clearance from small to large. The most commonly used chuck type magnetic tool holder in woodworking is the HSK type tool holder, which consists of three main parts: the actual tool holder, the chuck, and the chuck nut. For ISO, SK, and BT tool holders, the fixed knob (is the fourth part.
The function and application of the magnetic tool holder are different from those with open coolant flowing through the flange or openly supplied by the parts. Such models, brands, and brands (CAT, BT, HSK, etc.) are the best examples of this example. Each application has a different purpose, and has the ability to be interchanged to adapt to small to large changes in size, and has the largest gap. It is important to understand that each tool holder manufactured is tailored to its specific purpose, task, and work. This makes a huge difference in the operation and performance efficiency used.
First, eliminate the style and technical differences of the magnetic tool holder. Commonly used storage methods will help reduce unnecessary inventory and make the workshop more flexible, especially in response to short-term operations and emergencies. When the machine has different requirements for tool holders, it is difficult to transfer work in the workshop to solve productivity or maintenance issues. Try to create a workshop with a common machine interface so that tools can be easily moved from one machine to another. For example, consider the use of CAT 50 knife holders and BT50 magnetic knife holders. They are interchangeable in the machine spindle, but not interchangeable in the automatic tool changer. Having a universal machine interface also means that the tool holder will not be obsolete when the machine leaves the workshop. In aerospace or auto parts manufacturers, with the obsolescence of old machines, it is not uncommon for hundreds of magnetic tool holders to be thrown into the waste bin. Most tool holders show almost no signs of wear and actually look new. Since they are not suitable for any other machines in the store, they are discarded.
It is very important to insert the tool correctly in the chuck and make it rotate in the cutting path with a little rebound. The ball bearing chuck nut of a magnetic tool holder helps to ensure that the chuck clamps the tool properly to avoid loss of tool efficiency and any possible offset of the clamping source. If you encounter a bouncing or machine crash, one of the most important things is to use the bouncing cutter shaft to recalibrate the spindle. When replacing a tool, it is important to install the tool in an appropriate tool replacement jig to properly clean the magnetic tool holder when installing/replacement of the tool. A torque wrench should be used to tighten the collet nut, as over-tightening or over-tightening may be dangerous to the machining operator, and slippage and vibration caused by the lack of uniform compressive force on the shaft will also negatively affect the tool and spindle. When installing the shank into the chuck, it is important to fill the shank with at least two centimeters of chucks to avoid the risk of unbalance, vibration, tool slipping, or even breakage. It is important to ensure that the cutting edge of the magnetic tool holder is not covered by the collet, as it will damage the edge. Improper balancing tools will result in the poor material finish, and pay close attention to precise tool clamping will increase the service life of the tool, reduce the noise emitted by the machine, and seriously reduce the possibility of spindle failure or damage. In case this happens, don’t forget that the calibration rod is a good tool to keep the spindle healthy after movement or tool crash.
The maintenance and maintenance of the tool holder is very important, especially when using CNC machine tools, for many reasons! The rule of thumb to follow when using CNC machine tools is to check the tool holder and spindle after each use. This inspection should include disassembling the entire tool holder and cleaning the parts. The coolant used when operating the machine can leave residue on the tool holder components, which can cause serious adverse effects. This also includes choosing the right CNC tool library, such as tool cabinets, tool racks and workshop tool carts.
No single tool clamping method is suitable for all possible applications. Toolholders that are engineered to perform high-speed finishing operations will generally lack effective rigidity and strength. For example, such rigidity and strength are effective when roughing raw castings. On the contrary, the tool holders used for roughing and heavy-duty machining usually lack balanced quality and therefore cannot run at high speeds in finishing operations. In addition, the sturdy design and volume of the rough machining tool holder will limit its ability to enter fine or deep machining parts. Tough workpiece material requires the tool holder to have higher strength and rigidity. In addition, the damping capacity of the tool holder and the ability to transport coolant are also important selection criteria. The use of inappropriate magnetic tool holders, for example for heavy operations can lead to dimensional errors and scrapped parts, as well as excessive wear on the machine spindle, shorter tool life and increased tool breakage. In non-critical tasks, a cost-effective tool rack may produce satisfactory results. However, in operations requiring repeatable accuracy, especially in operations where scrapping expensive workpieces will reduce the profit margin of parts, the investment in the top-quality application-centric tool holder can provide low-cost insurance for such accidental losses.
There are many types of tool holders:
● Crankshaft: driven by an electric motor, responsible for the rotating mechanism of the machine tool
● Side knife holder: fix the cutting tool in place
● Boring head: fix the boring bar in place
● Tapping chuck: makes the operation in the thread run smoothly
● Empty adapter: can be customized for various applications
● End mill tool holder: used for milling, these tool holders hold the milling cutter in place
● Milling or drilling chuck: the location to accommodate tools related to drilling and milling
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