Horizontal Surface Grinder

After all turning, milling, boring, and other types of machining processes in industrial operations, surface grinding is one of the most important final steps in the whole process. This grinding machine can ensure that the final machining results develop in the right direction and step into the next phase for the following machines. Because after forming, cutting or other types of complex processing, many work pieces will enter this step for further finishing. The surface grinding process conducted by grinding machine is used to produce a smooth finished surface on a flat surface or other specific surface with an ideal roughness level. Both vertical and horizontal machines are ideal for this process. Each one is installed with different spindle direction. Horizontal spindles are installed on horizontal grinders.
It is a widely used abrasive cutting process, in which the wheels of the spinning wheel are covered with rough particles, grinding wheels, which cut the chips of metal or non-metallic substances from the intended work piece to obtain a flat or quite smooth surface. In all grinding processes, surface grinding is one of the most commonly used methods of grinding machine processing conducted on CNC machines in various grinding operations. In all surface grinding models, the design of horizontal surface grinders with horizontal spindles is very common just like the vertical counterparts.

CNC Based Surface Grinding

In the past, the grinding process was the same as any other machines operation by manual operation, so tolerance and accuracy levels were not ideal for mass production models. CNC horizontal grinding is a finishing process, which uses a rotational abrasive wheel to smooth the surface of metal or non-metallic materials in order to provide a fine physical state by removing layers and impurities on the surface of the work piece under computer numerical control. The CNC control mechanism is driven by a programmed process, and both the horizontal and vertical CNC grinding wheel of the whole machine body is used as the basis of the grinding direction of the grinding machines.

As a result, these CNC processes will obtain the required surfaces for functional purposes planned and programmed by engineers. Regarding the mechanical composition of grinding machines, the mechanical structure of the surface grinder is composed of grinding wheel, work piece holding device and reciprocating worktable. During the CNC controlled processing, the fixture fixes the material in place when processing the material. The clamping mechanism can be completed in two ways: one is to fix the ferromagnetic pieces in place by a magnetic chuck, and the non-ferromagnetic and non-metallic pieces are fixed in place by vacuum or mechanical means. The clamping mechanism is essential for the entire machining process, because only with a strong positioning and clamping device can the work be completed within the expected tolerance standards. Either vertical or horizontal are planned this way. The other key factors that affect surface grinding are the material of the grinding wheel and the material of the work piece. Generally, work piece materials include aluminum, brass, steel, cast iron, and mild steel. Some of them are more stable and will not adhere to the grinding wheel of the grinding machines during processing, while others have different physical properties that will cause corrosion and are not ideal for further applications.

Speaking of the shape of the grinding wheel is concerned, the shape is not limited to a specific shape, but may be of various shapes. Horizontal spindles can do a lot of grinding processes. On-site operators can dress wheels for specific usages and purposes. It is noteworthy that in the surface grinding process, the shape of the grinding wheel will affect the reverse shape of the workpiece, so the operator must be aware of the shape change in order to immediately modify the grinding wheel to perform the required grinding.

Grinding the Future

In fact, the horizontal surface grinder is a machine tool that is often used to provide precision grinding surfaces. Its purpose may have specific dimensions or be used for surface finishing. The typical accuracy of the surface grinder depends on the type and usage. Industrial users must target the final output and resolution of the grinding result in order to manage its quality well. It can be seen that in recent decades, many suppliers have installed CMM systems and other inspection systems on their grinding machines in order to obtain instant grinding data for outer diameter, inner diameter, or surface roughness. With this design, the purpose of precision grinding is achieved to a great extent.

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