A 5 axis tool grinder is also known as a 5 axis grinder. It adopts a unique axis design to perform the tool grinding process. This type of machines contains five movable axes that can work at the same time. The structure of a 5 axis tool grinder is similar to that of de-burring equipment to some extent. Metal burrs are or small pieces of material residue that remain on a work piece after the metal working process. They are not desirable for the work pieces, so the removal of these waste edges is very imperative. A simple de-burring tool removes the metal residue initially. A dedicated de-burring machine is then used to carry out the rest of the process. The mechanism of grinding is in fact very similar to that of de-burring.
The grinding process of a 5 axis tool grinder involves the use of a machine tool or power tool specialized for grinding. This is a type of machining includes an abrasive wheel used as cutting tool for processing. Each grain of the abrasive on the wheel's surface cuts a small chip from the work piece through shear deformation. Grinding finishes the work pieces to produce high-quality surface and high accuracy of shape and dimension. It is capable of removing material in very small size of chips from 0.25 to 0.50 mm. It also yields an accuracy in dimension of 0.000025 mm.
To ensure smooth grinding workflow, effectively removing metal burrs is very important for the grinding performance. With the managing the tooling system being a paramount in-house issue, manufacturers take this very seriously. Tool grinding is a common in-house operation for metal working industry. 5 axis tool grinders are commonly deployed besides the production lines to help manufacturers in their tooling business. A reason why tooling industry relies on dedicated grinding machines is because the conventional machining methods could degrade the tolerances and surface quality of the tool parts.
There are mainly two kinds of sawing machines in the metal working industry – band sawing machine and circular sawing machines. Both tools undergo tool grinding. Users of saw blade will need to grind their saw blades periodically to make sure they stay sharpened. Circular sawing machine utilizes circular tools to conduct sawing procedure rather than sawing bands to achieve the cutting mechanism, which leads to other machining features that is different from band sawing mechanism in general. Speaking of the grinding of the sawing blades, the process for circular and band sawing blades may be little bit different from each other.
Grinding of circular discs help prolong the lifespan of the cutting tools. Circular sawing machine is a powered saw that uses a toothed or abrasive disc set or blade to cut different materials by a rotary motion spinning around an arbor. And the blade itself may also accommodate a circular sawing machine. This type of sawing method was invented in the late 18th century. They were in common use in sawmills in the United States by the middle of the 19th century due to the growth of industry over agricultural sectors in the states then. No tools can retain its sharpness without undergoing grinding processes, unless they are a laser or other non-contact devices. Yet, this type of equipment still warrants re-calibration with time. Therefore, the grinding of circular discs is very important to support applications like milling, turning, and drilling, boring, and sawing tools.
Lastly, band sawing is not doubt the essence of this article in conjunction with the 5 axis tool grinder. Besides sawing tools, you can also use small tool and cutter grinders alongside turning tools, milling tools, drilling tools, and many other machining cutters. Users need to observe their cutting tools carefully in order to know when to replace, repair or grind them so that turning, milling, boring, drilling, sawing and the related machining tasks can be carried out at ease.
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