Lathe and Turning Machine

A lathe machine is also called a turning machine, which is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, deformation, facing, and turning; such machining are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.

Normally, turning machines are categorized into two main types according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts. For the former, the work piece is clamped vertically and the cutting tool is thus installed the same direction so that the machining is conducted vertically. This way the clamping is much more stern and fixed due to the gravity effect compared to the horizontal methodology and manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually made their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users.

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Types of Lathe and Turning Machine

A lathe machine is also called a turning machine, which is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, deformation, facing, and turning; such machining are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.

Normally, turning machines are categorized into two main types according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts.

Automatic Lathe

Automatic lathe machine is normally controlled by CNC system or at least an NC system, that is a machine tool that can proceed turning tasks without much manual operation. The lathe can rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning on its own based on the programmed route from rough cutting to the near-end procedure.

Bench Lathe

Bench lathe machine is usually portable for users to carry on which means that the critical functionality of bench lathe is its mobility. Bench lathe can be either manual or CNC controlled, or NC programmed.

The lathe can rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations on a supportive bench, such as cutting, knurling, sanding, and turning on its own and is easy to be moved to other location for industrial purposes.

CNC Horizontal lathe

CNC Horizontal lathe is a type of turning model which is the oldest one and has been applied the widest in the industrial field. The horizontal nature makes the turning machine easy to be used and maintained, and are applied in a broad range of sectors due to their convenience and structural advantages that makes things better to be adjusted. Therefore, there is no standard answer to either horizontal or vertical is better for users, but only about the application sectors.

CNC Lathe

CNC lathe is a type of turning model which is controlled by the computer numerical controlled system that can deal with all kinds of tasks in a higher repeatability and accuracy if compared with the traditional manual and conventional NC system. There are mainly horizontal and vertical types of CNC lathes, and the horizontal nature makes the turning machine easy to be used and maintained, and are applied in a broad range of sectors

CNC Lathe for General Purpose

CNC lathe for general purposes is a type of turning model which is the traditional and conservative category that can deal with most of the turning tasks with modest modifications made for users. It can be applied in the widest range in the industrial field. Therefore, there is neither standard nor restriction on this model regarding the design and specifications. Either horizontal or vertical is okay for the general purpose while the former is more welcomed in the industry.

CNC Lathe for Heavy Duty

CNC lathe for heavy duty is a specifically designed turning machine with high torque features for heavy cutting tasks. The structure of this kind of turning lathe is mostly horizontal and is driven by direct drive or gear drive spindles rather than the conventional belt driven spindles. The horizontal nature makes the turning machine easy to be used and maintained, and are applied in this specific purposes for the better holding and clamping of large work pieces.

CNC Lathe for Performance Purpose

CNC lathe for performance purposes is a type of turning model which is a highly customized and innovative category that can deal with only narrowed and focused turning tasks with modest modifications allowed for users. It can be applied in the industrial field which is discussed before its built. Therefore, there is neither standard nor restriction on this model regarding the design and specifications. Either horizontal or vertical is okay and power turret is normally installed onto this type of lathe.

Vertical Lathe

A vertical lathe machine is also called a vertical turning machine, that is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an vertical axis mounted on the column and with the rotation that perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, and drilling.

The machining processes are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle. In usual circumstances, turning machines are categorized into two main types according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts.

Slant Bed CNC Lathe

Slant Bed CNC Lathe is a type of turning model which is the traditional and conservative category that can deal with most of the turning tasks with modest modifications made for users but with slant bad that serves to avoid chip issues. It can be applied in the widest range in the industrial field.

Therefore, there is neither standard nor restriction on this model regarding the design and specifications. With the slant bed nature, chips caused by the cutting movement are much more easy to be removed.

High Speed Lathe

High speed lathe is a productive model of multi-tasking machine tool that can process many kinds of machining tasks with significantly higher spindle speed that is supposed to be higher than at least 20,000 RPM. In the case of European models, the speed might be even higher than 35,000.

At first, high speed turning machine is developed from conventional lathe at the mid of 20th century and since then, the development of this specific type of turning machines go well and further in the industry for the application in the household sectors.

Conventional Lathe

Conventional lathe is an ancient turning machinery which is so productive and is capable of multi-tasking process for many kinds of machining tasks with significantly big range of possibilities. At first, conoventional turning machine is developed from conventional manual processing of spinning cutting art works about 4,000 years ago.

At the early age of the 20th century, the development of this specific type of turning machines went specific and later with the computer program, even the common conventional lathe now is equipped with NC system.

Swiss Type Lathe

A Swiss type lathe is a specific design of lathe providing extreme accuracy and precision standard. A Swiss-style lathe holds the work piece with both a collet and a guide bushing. The collet locates behind the guide bushing, and the tools sit in front of the guide bushing, normally holding stationary on the Z axis.

To cut lengthwise along the part, the tools would move in and the material itself will move back and forth along the Z axis. This design of action allows all the work to be done on the material near the guide bushing where it is more rigid, making them ideal for working on slender work pieces

Turn and Mill Machine

A turn mill machine is also known as CNC turning center, which is a machine tool capable of both turning and milling functions and rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning; such machining are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.

Turret Type Mill Turn Center

A Turret Type Mill Turn Center is also known as CNC turning center, which is a machine tool capable of both turning and milling functions with its power turret and the spindle rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning.

The mentioned machining action are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.

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