CNC automatic lathes are the automatic lathes usually controlled by a CNC system, which can handle turning tasks without a lot of manual operations. The CNC automatic lathes control the work piece to rotate along the rotation axis to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, finishing, and turning in the programmed route from rough cutting to near-end process. In the categorization of automatic lathes, there are many specifications while one of the common features is the vertical or horizontal working phase.
In the field of automatic working, CNC vertical automatic lathes are also called CNC vertical turning machines. They are machine tools that rotate a work piece on a rotating axis to perform various machining operations, such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning. Swiss type automatic lathes also belong to this category. These machining are performed by tools applied to the work pieces to create objects that are symmetrical to the axis driven by the primary spindle.
Under normal circumstances, turning machines are divided into two main types according to the way the work piece is clamped, namely vertical lathe and horizontal lathe. In a vertical lathe, the work piece is clamped vertically, and the cutting tools are installed in the same direction for vertical machining with the help of a programmed controlling system.
Compared with the horizontal automatic lathes, the work piece clamping will be firmer due to the gravity effect. Manufacturers of vertical automatic lathes usually turn their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users in a variety of industrial sectors, such as the automotive industry, aerospace sector, sports equipment production, and other fields with larger work pieces.
In the vertical clamping mechanism of the CNC automatic lathe, the spindle is located behind the chuck. The spindle may be belt driven, and some may be designed with other types of drive mechanisms. Like other milling machines and machining centers, automatic lathes and the Swiss type lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility, thereby providing machine users with greater processing possibilities.
In the processing procedure for automatic CNC working, the power turret is a modern standard accessory for many CNC automatic lathes, and as one of the most important accessories for users of CNC lathes. Taiwanese suppliers have aimed at this business and have developed many high performance power turrets and power tools to support the needs of lathe users around the world.
Many power turrets are driven by a servo single motor, which can ensure the best processing results and save the best energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide great rigidity to the work piece, thereby providing ideal cutting performance. In addition to power turrets, tool magazines and automatic tool changers (ATC) are also the best selling products of Taiwan's machine tool accessory suppliers. Taiwan made tool magazine and automatic tool change system can provide optimal tool to tool time according to customers' cycle time engineering to help customers meet modern processing requirements.
CNC horizontal automatic lathes are of conventional design and have been developed and widely used for more than a century. The horizontal structure makes the lathe easy to use and maintain, and because of its convenience and structural advantages, it is more widely used in many industries. For machine users, there is no standard answer to the choice between a horizontal lathe or a vertical lathe, but only need to select according to actual conditions and uses.
Today's industry is changing rapidly. In the field of automation and 3C consumables and electrical appliances, manufacturers tend to buy machining centers with robotic arm accessories to achieve a wider range of applications. The machine tool is the most fundamental capital for the manufacturer, and it plays a vital role in determining the final output and quality. However, components such as bearings, robotic arms or other automation equipment still play an important but independent role in the accessories market and the relevant industrial sectors. Innovative designs and new applications will keep motivating the industry to make the best use of those components that help speed up the working process.
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