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The term wheel lathe machine is a very broad term, which may include a series of variants, while normally, the under floor wheel lathes are essential tools for fleet operators to enable wheel sets to be kept in condition without the need to remove from the vehicle for the machining. The lathe comprises a heavy duty machine mounted in a pit, over which rail vehicles can pass on retractable rails.
Normally, a lathe contains several critical components, such as headstock, tailstock, bed, carriage, lead screw, deed rod, chip pan, hand wheel, etc. These are the basic components that make up the turning operation. Many wheel lathe machines are controlled by computer programs to maintain the quality of their work and reduce labor costs.
In common usages, a CNC lathe is also called a CNC turning machine. This is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on a rotation axis, which is often the X axis, to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning. Such machining procedures are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle.
Regarding the classification of CNC turning machines, there are two main types of this category, namely vertical lathes and horizontal lathes. In a vertical lathe, the work piece is clamped vertically, and the installation direction of the cutting tool is the same, so that the machining can be performed vertically on the lathe machine.
Compared with horizontal lathes, the clamping mechanism is more rigid and fixed due to gravity. Manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually turn their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for various industrial users who pursue high precision, such as the automotive industry, the aerospace sector, sports equipment manufacturing and other fields with larger work pieces. In addition, the vertical clamping mechanism of the lathe spindle can be driven by belt or other types of drive mechanisms. Either way can play the role of gravity well and obtain good processing results.
Today, the demand for lathes is just like the demand for other milling machines and machining centers. Therefore, turning lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines to improve their functionality and versatility and provide users with greater processing possibilities.
The power turret is a modern standard accessory for many CNC turning machines and one of the most important accessories for users of CNC lathes. Taiwanese suppliers have aimed at this business and have developed many excellent power turrets and power tool series to support the needs of lathe users in the global market to achieve the expected machining quality.
For most modern machining processes on the lathe machines, the unit called power turret is one of the most important keys of turning machine. Many of these power turrets are driven by a single motor with servo function, which can ensure the best processing results and save the best energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide high rigidity for the work piece, thereby providing ideal cutting ability.
In addition, tool magazines and automatic tool changers (ATC) are also the best selling products of Taiwanese machine tool accessory suppliers. The tool magazine and automatic tool change system made in Taiwan can provide the optimal tool to tool time according to the customer's cycle time engineering to help customers meet the order requirements.
With these auxiliary accessories, mill turn, or turn mill can therefore work well. Such machines are called CNC mill turning machine or CNC turning center, which are machine tools based on turning methods. The work piece is rotated on a rotating axis to perform various machining operations, such as cutting, drilling, deformation, face machining, and turning. These machining processes are carried out by the tool applied to the work piece, and an object symmetrical to the work piece is created by the axis driven by the primary spindle.
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