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In the field of machine tools, the five-axis bridge type machining center is a highly developed machine tool that can handle multiple machining tasks simultaneously in one station. Initially, the machine tool center was developed from a milling machine in the middle of the 20th century. The development of this specific type of machine tool is well developed in the industry, and the machine tool center is widely used in various industries, making extensive industrial efforts. Milling is a process that uses a spinning tool to remove workpiece material by advancing the tool into one or more workpieces. This processing method can be done in different directions.
Therefore, the processing method can be performed in different directions. Besides turning, milling also covers a variety of operations, ranging from a single tiny part to heavy and large milling tasks. Similar to turning, milling is one of the most commonly used machining methods, and can also provide precise tolerances. As a result, the research and development of milling methods have been widely welcomed in industry. Because it has efficient and effective characteristics, it can make the workpiece have a complex profile, and the traditional turning center is difficult to achieve, not to mention other lathes and milling machines.
In addition, as one of the classic but always useful types in the machining center series, the bridge machining center is a highly developed machine tool. It can process many heavy duty precision machining tasks on large and hard workpieces at the same time, and transport the processed workpieces to other milling centers during the working process. In the initial stage of the machine tool industry's slow development, the milling center developed the machine center. Since then, this particular type of machine tool has developed well in the industry. The machine center is widely used in various industries, and has made great contributions to the world industry with its versatility.
In fact, the machining center originates from the milling machine. The milling process of a bridge type machining center is a process using a spinning tool to remove workpiece material by advancing the tool into one or more workpieces, just like an ordinary milling machine. At the same time, this machining method can be completed in different directions, and the ordinary machining center will install at least three axes on the basic components.
The application and practicality of the machining center stimulated the development of milling methods, and later became very popular in the industry that requires strict machining accuracy. Traditional lathes are relatively difficult to achieve the production and effective performance of workpieces with complex profiles. Based on this expectation, the following development and machine center concepts were gradually realized.
Specifically, the term "machining center" can be used to describe various CNC (computer numerical control) drilling and milling machines. These machine tools are equipped with some key and sometimes optional accessories. These accessories are equipped with the machine body, such as tool magazine, ATC (automatic tool changer), power tool turret, CMM (coordinate measuring machine), multi-axis table and many other corresponding accessories, which are helpful for precision cutting.
Today, most machining centers have at least three axes on the base. Many machining centers have a 4th or 5th axis, even through connected rotary table units, and can also perform multi-axis machining. By designing two additional axes on the rotary table, the x, y, and z axes can be moved to two new working dimensions, and allow for possible cutting processes at multiple angles. It has the same structure as four plus one. All these mechanisms are under the control of the computer numerical control unit, so that the synchronized action perfectly matches the set target.
In the working environment, if the size of the workpiece is too large and exceeds the allowable size, mechanical machining will cause too much vibration to the machine body, thereby reducing the accuracy of the machining center. Both the manufacturer and the subsequent production line can accept this situation, so the manufacturer can add some other structural designs to the car body to make it have better rigidity during the processing.
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