Gantry Type Machining Centers

Besides the double column design for the machining center framework, the gantry type machining center is also a highly developed machine tool that can deal with many heavy-duty precision machining tasks all at once. At first, gantry structure is developed and derived from milling machines at the mid of the last century and since then, the development of this specific type of machine tool goes well in the industry especially for the aerospace application. After that, machine centers are widely applied in all kinds of industries, contributing a lot to the world industrial development.

The milling process is the process of machining that utilizes spinning tools to remove work piece materials by advancing a tool into one or several work pieces. This machining method could be done in different directions. Besides turning, milling covers a wide variety of various operations and ranges a wide scale from single tiny parts to heavy and large milling operation tasks. Similar to turning, milling is one of the most usually adopted machining methods that achieve precision tolerances within accurate standards. The useful and practical natures of machine centers stimulate the development of milling methods, which is later highly popular in the industrial world that demands even strict machining accuracy. Its productive and effective nature for rendering work pieces with complex profiles is comparatively hard to achieve by conventional turning lathes. With this expectation, the following development and the idea of machine centers are thus gradually formed.
 

Types of Gantry Type Machining Centers

In the machining center inventory, the gantry type machining center is a highly developed machine tool that can deal with many heavy-duty precision machining tasks on large and hard work pieces all at once without the need to convey the processed work piece in the midst of machining unto other milling centers. At first, machine center is developed from milling machines at the mid of the last century and since then, the development of this specific type of machine tools goes well in the industry, and after that, machine centers are widely applied in all kinds of industries, contributing a lot to the world industrial progress.

The milling process

Regarding the milling process of the gantry type machining center, it is the process of machining that utilizes spinning tools to remove work piece materials by advancing a tool into one or several work pieces. This machining method could be done in different directions. Besides turning, milling covers a wide variety of various operations and ranges a wide scale from single tiny parts to heavy and large milling operation tasks. Similar to turning, milling is one of the most usually adopted machining methods that achieve precision tolerances within accurate requirements.

That is to say, the application and practical natures of machine centers stimulate the development of milling methods, which is later highly popular in the industrial world that demands even strict machining accuracy. Its productive and effective nature for rendering work pieces with complex profiles is comparatively hard to achieve by conventional turning lathes. With this expectation, the following development and the idea of machine centers are thus gradually formed. The phrase “machining center” can be used to describe a wide variety of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) drilling and milling machineries that are accommodated with several critical but sometimes optional accessories equipped together with the machine body itself, such as tool magazine, ATC (automatic tool changer), power tool turret, CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine), multi-axis working tables, and whatnot.

Classifications

Back to the classification issue, the inventory of machining centers can be roughly divided into two main categories: vertical and horizontal, and there are still other categories in the machining center inventory. The vertical machining center is the arrangement of its structure that aligns vertically, and the work pieces are machined by cutting tools that go up and down vertically. On the contrary, horizontal machining centers have the spindle arranged horizontally and the machining is conducted lying flat. With the vertical design, the weight of the work piece would help to make itself sternly located on the clamp for a heavy vertical cutting route without much worry on route deviation. Furthermore, with the help of powered turret, the cycle time is thus shortened in a significant range.

Tool magazine

In addition to the power turret, tool magazine and the automatic too changer (ATC) are also the best sellers of Taiwanese machine tool accessory suppliers. Taiwan’s tool magazine and ATC system offers the optimal tool to tool time to customers based on their cycle time engineering, and can help manufacturers keep up with the order demands. Compared with the worldwide competitors, Taiwanese know how to provide comprehensive services to global customers with the best planning according to the local circumstances, hence the productions that are equipped with the machine tools or accessories are actually face lifted to the latest version that is modern to the order demands.

Spindles and chuck and the corresponding hydraulic cylinders are also well developed in Taiwan. Together with the CNC turning machine market, there are a bunch of lathe products and accessories that are widely spread in the world across different industrial sectors and applications. At the same time, the CNC horizontal lathes belong to conventional design that has been developed and massively applied for over a century. The horizontal nature makes the turning machine easy to be used and maintained, and are used even wider in a lot of industries due to their convenience and structure. Therefore, there is no standard answer to either horizontal or vertical is better for users, but only about the application sectors.

Work piece processing

Further, the work piece machining of machine centers are normally not of round shape but other complicated profiles since the former one can be dealt with by turning machine with power turret in a much more productive manner. Rotational speed per minute, RMP, of the spindle is a key parameter that determines the performance of the machining center. For gantry type models, the RPM (revolutions per minute) standards differ and there is no such a common range. Meanwhile, manufacturers in the Europe, Japan, and Taiwan have their consensus way of RPM standards, while the regional differences still are significant. Therefore, when customers are looking for an optimal gantry type machining centers for their production lines, the specification issues are a great concern since that would determine the final results.

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