Moving Column Machining Centers

In the double column machining center family, moving column machining center is a agile metalworking machinery that can process many types of complicated duty on one machine set with its moving axis. Regarding the machining center’s machining process of the moving column machining centers, it is the process of machinery machining that utilizes spinning tools to cut work piece materials by advancing a tool into the targeted work pieces. This cutting process could be done on different directions which are based on the box in box ways (more rigidity) or linear guide counterparts (more accuracy) just like the turning machines. 

However, unlike lathe machinery, moving column machining centers are able to deal with a wide variety of various operations and range a wide scale from single tiny parts to heavy and large milling operation tasks concerning complicated profiles as well as complex curves. 

Type of Machining Center

Superb performance comes from structural design

Since the research and application of machining center’s milling method is highly popular in the industrial world thanks to its convenient feature for rendering work pieces with complex profiles which is comparatively hard to achieve by conventional turning methodology.

Accordingly, based on this fact, the following development and the idea of machine centers in the past five decades are gradually formed in the industry. The specific industrial term “machining center” can be referred to a wide variety of CNC (Computer Numerical Control) drilling and milling machineries that are accommodated with many optional components and accessories equipped together with the machine body itself, such as additional axis, column structure, ATC (automatic tool changer), tool magazine, APC (Automatic Pallet Changer), swing head, CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine), power tool turret, multi-axis working tables, power turret, cooling system, industrial pump, and other relevant components.

Machine category

In addition to the model of the arrangement of the machining direction as well as the frame structure, there are still other categories in the machining center inventory. Firstly, the vertical machining center is the arrangement of its structure that aligns vertically, and the work pieces are machined by cutting tools that go up and down vertically. Regarding the moving column machining center models, most of them are structured with the vertical arrangement due to the great convenience, so now most machining centers with double column design, no matter what it is fixed or moving column types, are of vertical arrangement.

On the other hand, horizontal machining centers have the spindle arranged horizontally and the machining is conducted lying flat. With the vertical design, the weight of the work piece would help to make itself sternly located on the clamp for heavy vertical cutting route without much worry on route deviation. Nevertheless, with the help of powered turret, the cycle time is thus shortened in a significant scale. The work piece machining of machine centers are normally not of round shape but other complicated profiles since the former one can be dealt with by turning machine with power turret in an advanced performance.

Composition of axis variable

Similar to other machinery models, there are also some categorizations of the machining centers. There are mainly three types of construction methods that constitute a moving column machining center.

With the swing head alone that can achieve most processing angles; this kind of machines is considered the most convenient and then is the other models, such as four & one and three & two machining centers, while the latter are with more practical advantages. That is, traditional machining centers are designed at least with three axes, namely, x, y, and z, while today as the industrial processes get complicated due to the demands for less machining processes but complicated profiles, there are machining centers designed with the 4th and even 5th axis to achieve and finish all the required machining tasks in one single machinery.

Moving column machining center is made to process large and thick work pieces that in ordinary circumstances, machining would cause large and intolerant vibration effects to the machine frame which normally would cause uncontrollable deviation from the targeted accuracy. Therefore, with the two fixed and firm supportive columns, cutting vibration is thus reduced and the rigidity of tools are enhanced, rendering the optimal productive results with the optimal precision.

Machine tool sector

Now, since machine tools are the most fundamental capital goods for manufacturers and play the critical role that determines the final output of the end products. The quality of the machine tool, as this reason, is the key point of the quality of the manufacturers’ final end products. The inventory of machine tools varies from time to time. Now after the invention of the machining centers and the programmed controlling system (CNC, computer numerical control), the standards of machining become more and more rigid compared with the standards before. Besides the CNC machining centers, there are also CNC turning centers, CNC milling machines, CNC tapping and milling centers, CNC drilling and milling centers, etc.

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